To improve pod shatter resistance in the important oilseed crop Brassica napus, the phenotypic diversity of B. napus was tested using 80 B. napus varieties for pod shatter resistance by a random impact test. Among these varieties, R1-1 was identified as resistant, while R2, 8908B was susceptible to shatter. To understand the molecular basis for this phenotypic difference based on the candidate gene approach, B. napus FRUITFULL (FUL) homologs were identified and characterized. Two FUL loci in the A and C genomes of B.
Exogenous gibberellins (GAs) are widely applied to increase crop yields, with knowledge about the physiological functioning and biochemistry mechanisms of these phytohormones improving; however, information remains limited about the effect of GAs on seed filling. In this study, the siliques (containing the seeds) of oilseed rape (Brassica napus L.) were treated with GA3 at 3 stages of seed filling. We confirmed that GA3 regulates the deposition of storage reserves in developing seeds.
The pathogenicity of 47 isolates of Sclerotinia sclerotiorum from oilseed rape (Brassica napus L.) in Anhui, China, was tested by detached leaf inoculation using the susceptible rape cultivar Wanyou-14. All isolates were pathogenic to the cultivar and could be grouped into 3 categories based on the lesion length on the leaves tested: weak pathogenicity type, intermediate pathogenicity type, and strong pathogenicity type. This suggested that there was differentiation in the pathogenicity among the strains tested of S. sclerotiorum.