This study aimed to evaluate the results and complications of image-guided percutaneous kyphoplasty (PKP) using computed tomography (CT) and C-arm fluoroscopy, with finger-touch guidance to determine the needle entry point. Of the 86 patients (106 PKP) examined, 56 were treated for osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures and 30 for vertebral tumors. All patients underwent image-guided treatment using CT and conventional fluoroscopy, with finger-touch identification of a puncture point within a small incision (1.5 to 2 cm).
Osteoporosis is a common multifactorial disease in postmenopausal women. This study aimed to investigate the association of the g.27563G>A osteoprotegerin (OPG) genetic polymorphism with bone mineral density (BMD) and osteoporosis. A case-control study was carried out with 435 osteoporosis postmenopausal women cases and 442 age-matched healthy controls. The BMD at the femoral neck hip, lumbar spine (L2-4), and total hip were assessed by Norland XR-46 dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry.
The purpose of this study was to investigate the association of the g.27667T>A genetic variant in the osteoprotegerin (OPG) gene with bone mineral density (BMD) and osteoporosis. A total of 393 primary osteoporosis subjects and 402 healthy controls were recruited. The BMD of the femoral neck hip, lumbar spine (L2-4), and total hip were evaluated by Norland XR-46 dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. The g.27667T>A genetic variant was genotyped using created restriction site-polymerase chain reaction.
Osteoporosis poses a major public health threat in aging societies. Adipose-derived stem cells (ADSCs) are multipotent adult stem cells that have the ability to yield mesenchymal stem cells, and have the potential to undergo osteogenesis and bone regeneration. Bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) have been demonstrated to upregulate bone gene expression after mechanical injury and to improve bone injury repair. This study aimed to produce BMP-2 expression in ADSCs by using lentiviral vectors. Subcutaneous adipose tissue from 4-week-old male Sprague-Dawley rats was used.
We investigated associations between vitamin D receptor (VDR) gene polymorphisms, FokI T>C (rs2228570), BsmI G>A (rs1544410), ApaI G>T (rs7975232), and TaqI T>C (rs731236), with bone mineral density (BMD) in postmenopausal Mexican-Mestizo women. Three hundred and twenty postmenopausal women participated, who were classified according to World Health Organization criteria as non-osteoporotic (Non-OP; N = 88), osteopenic (Opn; N = 144), and osteoporotic (OP; N = 88).
Osteoporosis is an important and common complex health problem, particularly in postmenopausal women. It is characterized by a reduction in bone mineral density (BMD) and a deterioration of bone microarchitecture with a consequent increase of fracture risk. The osteoprotegerin (OPG) gene is considered to play an important role in the pathogenesis of osteoporosis. We analyzed SNPs of the OPG gene and associations between these polymorphisms and BMD in 399 Chinese postmenopausal women.
This study used DNA microarray data to identify differentially expressed genes of osteoporosis and provide useful information for treatments of the disease. We downloaded gene expression data of Osteoporosis GSE35956 from the Gene Expression Omnibus database, which included five normal and five osteoporosis samples. We then identified the differentially expressed genes between normal and disease samples using the R language software, and constructed the protein interaction network. DAVID was used to perform the biological process enrichment and KEGG pathway cluster analyses.
We investigated the effect of bone morphogenetic protein 2 and 4 (BMP-2 and -4) gene polymorphisms on bone density in postmenopausal Turkish women with osteoporosis. The frequency of single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of BMP-2 and -4 genes was analyzed in 101 osteoporotic-postmenopausal women and 52 postmenopausal women with positive bone mineral density scores. We evaluated the frequency of the thymine→cytosine nucleotide variation at position 538 for BMP-4 and the transposition of adenine→thymine at codon 190 for BMP-2, with PCR.
Many clinical conditions, including osteoporosis, are associated with serum levels of sex steroids. Enzymes that regulate rate-limiting steps of steroidogenic pathways, such as CYP17 and CYP19, are also regarded as significant factors that may cause the development of these conditions.