Half-smooth tongue sole (Cynoglossus semilaevis) is an important aquaculture flatfish in China. Cytogenetic analysis has revealed that its sex determination system is female heterogametic (ZZ/ZW). The W chromosome is morphologically larger and has been considered evolutionarily younger than any other chromosome in the set. However, the genetic origin and evolution process of this neo-chromosome remains unclear. In this study, 2 tandem arrays of rRNA genes were chosen to address this question.
We investigated the genetic diversity of the southern flounder Paralichthys lethostigma. Microsatellite-enriched libraries were constructed and novel microsatellite markers were developed and applied for genetic detection of wild populations. Cross-species amplification was also conducted in five pleuronectiforme species. Of 45 randomly selected and sequenced clones, 43 contained a CA or GA repeat motif. Fourteen pairs of primers were designed to investigate the polymorphism and genetic structure of a wild population collected from North Carolina State coastal waters.