Polymorphism

Polymorphism of MyoD1 and Myf6 genes and associations with carcass and meat quality traits in beef cattle

X. H. Du, Gan, Q. F., Yuan, Z. R., Gao, X., Zhang, L. P., Gao, H. J., Li, J. Y., and Xu, S. Z., Polymorphism of MyoD1 and Myf6 genes and associations with carcass and meat quality traits in beef cattle, vol. 12, pp. 6708-6717, 2013.

Myogenic determination factor 1 (MyoD1) and myogenic factor 6 (Myf6) genes belong to the myogenic differentiation (MyoD) gene family, which play key roles in growth and muscle development. The study aimed to investigate the effects of variants in cattle MyoD1 and Myf6 on carcass and meat traits. We screened single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of both genes in 8 cattle populations, including Simmental, Angus, Hereford, Charolais, Limousin, Qinchuan, Luxi, and Jinnan by sequencing.

Lack of association between Cyclin D1 gene G870A polymorphism and esophageal cancer: evidence from a meta-analysis

W. Cai, Wang, Z. T., Zhong, J., and Zhang, Y., Lack of association between Cyclin D1 gene G870A polymorphism and esophageal cancer: evidence from a meta-analysis, vol. 12, pp. 6636-6645, 2013.

The association between the Cyclin D1 gene (CCND1) G870A polymorphism and esophageal cancer has been widely evaluated, with conflicting results. As meta-analysis is a reliable approach to resolving discrepancies, we aimed to evaluate this association. Data were available from 9 study populations incorporating 1898 cases and 3046 controls.

Association of lipase lipoprotein polymorphisms with high-density lipoprotein and triglycerides in elderly men

L. M. Q. Araújo, Cendoroglo, M. S., Gigek, C. O., Chen, E. S., and M. Smith, deA. C., Association of lipase lipoprotein polymorphisms with high-density lipoprotein and triglycerides in elderly men, vol. 9, pp. 89-96, 2010.

Lipoprotein lipase is essential for triglyceride hydrolysis. The polymorphisms S447X in exon 9 and HindIII in intron 8 have been associated with lower triglyceride levels and lower cardiovascular risk in adult men. We examined the association of these lipoprotein lipase polymorphisms with high-density lipoprotein (HDL) and triglyceride levels in elderly men. Blood samples were obtained from 87 elderly men, 48 of whom had cardiovascular disease and 39 (controls) had no history of cardiovascular events. The lipoprotein lipase polymorphisms were analyzed by PCR-RFLP.

Lack of association of ACE gene I/D polymorphism with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome in Turkish patients

T. Yakut, Karkucak, M., Ursavas, A., Gulten, T., Burgazlioglu, B., Gorukmez, O., and Karadag, M., Lack of association of ACE gene I/D polymorphism with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome in Turkish patients, vol. 9, pp. 734-738, 2010.

Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) is a vital enzyme in the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system, and there are reports in the literature describing its role in the development of cardiovascular system diseases, with I/D polymorphism of the ACE gene. We examined the relationship between a patient group with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) and a control group in terms of I/D polymorphism of the ACE gene. We examined 64 patients, with 37 individuals serving as the control group. PCR was used to detect ACE I/D gene polymorphism.

CCR2-64I is a risk factor for development of bladder cancer

K. F. Narter, Agachan, B., Sozen, S., Cincin, Z. B., and Isbir, T., CCR2-64I is a risk factor for development of bladder cancer, vol. 9, pp. 685-692, 2010.

Chemokines are potent proinflammatory cytokines that are implicated in numerous inflammatory diseases. Proinflammatory gene polymorphisms lead to variations in the production and concentration of inflammatory proteins. We investigated a possible association between polymorphisms in chemokine and chemokine receptor genes (MCP-1 A-2518G and CCR2-V64I) and bladder cancer risk. Genotypes were determined by PCR-RFLP assays in 72 bladder cancer patients and 76 unrelated age-matched healthy controls.

DNA repair genes in endometriosis

R. Attar, Cacina, C., Sozen, S., Attar, E., and Agachan, B., DNA repair genes in endometriosis, vol. 9, pp. 629-636, 2010.

Several polymorphisms in the DNA repair gene are thought to have significant effects on cancer risk. We investigated the association of polymorphisms in the DNA repair genes XRCC1 Arg399Gln, XRCC3 Thr241Met, XPD Lys751Gln, XPG Asp1104His, APE1 Asp148Glu, and HOGG1 Ser326Cys with endometriosis risk. Genotypes were determined by PCR-RFLP assays in 52 patients with endometriosis and 101 age-matched healthy controls.

Abnormal hemoglobin phenotypes in carriers of mild anemia in Latin America

P. J. A. Zamaro and Bonini-Domingos, C. R., Abnormal hemoglobin phenotypes in carriers of mild anemia in Latin America, vol. 9. pp. 425-428, 2010.

We looked for abnormal hemoglobins in blood samples sent for diagnosis of anemia. Identification of the hemoglobins was made using electrophoretic, chromatographic and molecular procedures. The 2020 blood samples were of patients from various regions of Brazil and from some other Latin American countries. Among the abnormal hemoglobins that we found, 3.5% are known to be rare, while 51% had an electrophoretic profile similar to that of Hb S at alkaline pH. Differentiation was possible only by combining electrophoretic and chromatographic methods.

TP53 Pro47Ser and Arg72Pro polymorphisms and colorectal cancer predisposition in an ethnic Kashmiri population

A. S. Sameer, Shah, Z. A., Syeed, N., Banday, M. Z., Bashir, S. M., Bhat, B. A., and Siddiqi, M. A., TP53 Pro47Ser and Arg72Pro polymorphisms and colorectal cancer predisposition in an ethnic Kashmiri population, vol. 9, pp. 651-660, 2010.

Two TP53 gene polymorphisms at codon 47 (TP53 Pro47Ser) and at codon 72 (TP53 Arg72Pro) have been associated with susceptibility to various cancers. We carried out a case-control study and examined the genotype distribution of TP53 Pro47Ser and Arg72Pro single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), using a PCR-RFLP approach, to determine if these two SNPs are risk factors for colorectal cancer (CRC) development and to look for a possible correlation of these two SNPs with clinicopathological variables of CRC.

GSTT1, GSTM1, and GSTP1 polymorphisms and chemotherapy response in locally advanced breast cancer

A. L. Oliveira, Rodrigues, F. F. O., Santos, R. E., Aoki, T., Rocha, M. N., Longui, C. A., and Melo, M. B., GSTT1, GSTM1, and GSTP1 polymorphisms and chemotherapy response in locally advanced breast cancer, vol. 9, pp. 1045-1053, 2010.

The glutathione S-transferase (GST) family consists of phase II detoxification enzymes that catalyze the conjugation of toxic substances, such as chemotherapeutic agents, to glutathione. We examined whether GSTT1/GSTT1“null”, GSTM1/GSTM1“null” and GSTP1Ile105Ile/GSTP1Ile105Val polymorphisms are associated with different response rates to neoadjuvant chemotherapy in the treatment of stage II and III breast cancer.

Polymorphisms in the IGF1 gene and their effect on growth traits in Mexican beef cattle

X. F. De la Rosa Reyna, Montoya, H. M., Castrellón, V. V., Rincón, A. M. S., Bracamonte, M. P., and Vera, W. A., Polymorphisms in the IGF1 gene and their effect on growth traits in Mexican beef cattle, vol. 9, pp. 875-883, 2010.

The IGF1 gene (insulin-like growth factor 1) is a candidate gene for marker-assisted selection strategies. A single nucleotide polymorphism in the promoter region (IGF1/SnaBI) has been reported to be associated with production traits in several cattle breeds. Here, we report its allelic frequencies in Charolais and Beefmaster breeds; we confirm its association with three growth traits: weaning weight, weaning weight adjusted to 210 days and preweaning weight gain in the Charolais breed.

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