Specific genotypes appear to be related to the development of thyroid disease. We examined whether polymorphisms of the genes CYP1A1, GSTM1, GSTT1, and TP53 at codon 72 are associated with increased risk for thyroid nodules. Blood samples were obtained from 122 thyroid patients with nodules and from 134 healthy control individuals from Goiânia city, GO, Brazil. We found no significant association of CYP1A1m1 and CYP1A1m2 genotypes with thyroid diseases (P > 0.05).
The prawn genus Macrobrachium belongs to the family Palaemonidae. Its species are widely distributed in lakes, reservoirs, floodplains, and rivers in tropical and subtropical regions of South America. Globally, the genus Macrobrachium includes nearly 210 known species, many of which have economic and ecological importance. We analyzed three species of this genus (M. jelskii, M. amazonicum and M.
Brontispa longissima is one of the most serious insect pests of coconut in Southeast Asia; it was first discovered on Hainan Island in June 2002. Despite the economic risk associated with this pest, genetic aspects of the invasion process have remained relatively unexplored. Using microsatellite markers, we investigated the population structure, genetic variability and pattern of invasion in various geographic populations. The methodology was based on a modified biotin-capture method. Eight polymorphic microsatellite loci were isolated and characterized for the pest.
Twelve polymorphic microsatellite loci were isolated from an (AC)n- and (AG)n-enriched DNA library for the endemic Chinese frog Pelophylax hubeiensis (Ranidae). The number of alleles per locus ranged from two to eight, with a mean of 5.17. The observed and expected heterozygosities ranged from 0.226 to 0.839 and from 0.204 to 0.826, with means of 0.568 and 0.656, respectively. No significant linkage disequilibrium was detected among these loci.
XRCC genes (X-ray cross-complementing group) were discovered mainly for their roles in protecting mammalian cells against damage caused by ionizing radiation. Studies determined that these genes are important in the genetic stability of DNA. Although the loss of some of these genes does not necessarily confer high levels of sensitivity to radiation, they have been found to represent important components of various pathways of DNA repair. To ensure the integrity of the genome, a complex system of DNA repair was developed.
Oxidative stress may be contributory to the pathophysiology of the abnormalities that underlie the clinical course of sickle cell anemia. We looked for a possible genetic association between the functional polymorphism Ala-9Val in the human Mn-SOD gene and sickle cell anemia. One hundred and twenty-seven patients with sickle cell anemia and 127 healthy controls were recruited into the study.
Coronary artery disease is one of the leading causes of mortality and diabetes mellitus is one of its main risk factors due to microvascular and macrovascular complications, such as atherosclerosis. Atherosclerosis is now known to be an inflammatory process mediated by prostaglandins and several interleukins. As both are important in inflammatory processes, we examined Cox-2 (-765G > C) polymorphism and interleukin-6 levels in coronary artery disease patients compared to healthy controls.
Recent attention in pig breeding programs has focused on the improvement of pork quality in response to increasing consumer demands. Compared to the fatty-type Northeastern Indigenous (Chinese) breed of pigs, the lean-type Large White has lower intramuscular fat and inferior eating quality from the perspective of the Chinese consumer. In order to investigate the molecular basis of differences in pork quality in Chinese indigenous and Western breeds, longissimus dorsi samples were collected from three adult Northeastern Indigenous and three adult Large White pigs.
To look for novel microsatellites in the dystrophin gene for the diagnosis of Duchenne muscular dystrophy, candidate microsatellite sites in the dystrophin gene were analyzed with the SSRHunter software and were also genotyped. Among the 15 candidate microsatellite sites, three novel microsatellite sites in the 60th, 30th, and 2nd intron were found to have a high degree of polymorphism. We submitted these three new loci to the European Molecular Biology Laboratory, under accession Nos.
Larimichthys polyactis is a commercially important marine fish species in southeast Asia. The population crashed due to overfishing in the 1970s, but has since recovered. We developed 13 novel polymorphic microsatellite markers in L. polyactis using 5' anchored PCR. The characteristics of these loci were estimated by analyzing a sample of 30 individuals. A total of 74 alleles were detected, with a mean of 5.7 alleles per locus.