We estimated genetic parameters for egg production in different periods by means of random regression models, aiming at selection based on partial egg production from a generation of layers. The production was evaluated for each individual by recording the number of eggs produced from 20 to 70 weeks of age, with partial records taken every three weeks for a total of 17 periods. The covariance functions were estimated with a random regression model by the restricted maximum likelihood method.
Meat quality is an important feature for the poultry industry and is associated with consumer satisfaction. The calpain 1 (CAPN1) gene is related to the tenderness process of meat post- mortem, and the calpain 3 (CAPN3) gene plays an important role in myofibrillar organization and growth. The objective of the present study was to identify polymorphisms in these genes and to determine the association between these polymorphisms and traits of economic interest in poultry.
Data from the slaughter of 24,001 chickens that were part of a selection program for the production of commercial broilers were used to estimate genetic trend for absolute carcass (CW), breast meat (BRW), and leg (LW) weights, and relative carcass (CY), breast meat (BRY), and leg (LY) weights. The components of (co)variance and breeding values of individuals were obtained by the restricted maximum likelihood method applied to animal models. The relationship matrix was composed of 132,442 birds.
TAP1 and TAP2 genes code for the two subunits of the transporter associated with antigen processing (TAP), and in chicken they are located between the two MHC class I genes. Using primers based on chicken sequences, the genomic regions corresponding to chicken TAP1 exons 6 to 7 and TAP2 exons 4 to 6 (which encode portions of the chicken TAP1 and TAP2 molecules corresponding to the human peptide-binding regions) were amplified and sequenced from chicken (70 birds), turkey (24), pheasant (6), and guinea fowl (7).