Remifentanil

Effects of prolonged anesthesia with dexmedetomidine, fentanyl, or remifentanil on the self-renewal of mouse embryonic stem cells

N. Zhang, Cai, Y. R., Yi, X. W., Xiao, Y. N., Chen, B., and Li, W. X., Effects of prolonged anesthesia with dexmedetomidine, fentanyl, or remifentanil on the self-renewal of mouse embryonic stem cells, vol. 14, pp. 17809-17819, 2015.

Previous study has indicated that exposure to anesthesia in early development leads to neuro-apoptosis and is followed by long-term cognitive dysfunction. Given that larger numbers of pregnant women currently receive anesthesia during the first trimester, we wanted to mimic this process in vitro using mouse embryonic stem cells (mESCs) and to explore how different anesthetics affect the self-renewal of mESCs. In the present study, mESCs were exposed to dexmedetomidine, fentanyl, or remifentanil at clinical concentrations for 48 h.

Bispectral index for monitoring anesthetic depth in patients with severe burns receiving target-controlled infusion of remifentanil and propofol

Z. G. Guo, Jia, X. P., Wang, X. Y., Li, P., Su, X. J., and Hao, J. H., Bispectral index for monitoring anesthetic depth in patients with severe burns receiving target-controlled infusion of remifentanil and propofol, vol. 14, pp. 7597-7604, 2015.

This study evaluated the feasibility and effectiveness of using the bispectral index (BIS) to monitor anesthetic depth in patients with severe burns receiving intravenous target-controlled infusion (TCI) of remifentanil and propofol. We randomly assigned 80 patients undergoing elective escharectomy (<1 week) to BIS (A) and control (B) groups. All patients received remifentanil and propofol as intravenous TCI anesthesia. Clinical data were recorded at different time points.

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