Simple sequence repeats (SSRs), one of the most powerful molecular markers, can be used for DNA fingerprinting, variety identification, genetic mapping, and marker-assisted selection. Using the pear’s (Pyrus pyrifolia Nakai) 75,764 unigenes (55,676,271 bp) obtained by deep transcriptome sequencing, a total of 10,622 novel SSRs were identified in 9154 unigenes, accounting for 14.02% of all unigenes. The average length and distribution of these SSRs was about 16 bp and 5.24 kb, respectively.
Simple sequence repeats
Simple sequence repeats (SSRs) are highly informative, polymorphic, and co-dominant Mendelian markers that provide an important genomic resource for genetic research. Recently, the use of large-scale transcriptome sequence has become a reliable and efficient approach for the identification and development of new EST-SSR markers. In this study, 8389 potential SSRs with a minimum of five repetitions for all motifs were identified from 121,210 unigenes.