Single-nucleotide polymorphism

No association of polymorphisms in the suppressor of cytokine signaling (SOCS)-3 with rheumatoid arthritis in the Chinese Han population

L. P. Sun, Ma, X. L., Liu, H. X., Wang, Y. S., and Li, X. F., No association of polymorphisms in the suppressor of cytokine signaling (SOCS)-3 with rheumatoid arthritis in the Chinese Han population, vol. 9, pp. 1518-1524, 2010.

Suppressor of cytokine signaling (SOCS)-3 is a key negative regulator of cytokine signaling that inhibits the JAK/STAT signal transduction pathway; there are reports describing its role in attenuating arthritis through SOCS-3 overexpression. We examined the relationship between polymorphisms in the coding sequence and promoter region of SOCS-3 and rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in a Chinese Han population.

Lack of effect of bone morphogenetic protein 2 and 4 gene polymorphisms on bone density in postmenopausal Turkish women

Z. S. Özkan, Deveci, D., E. Önalan, E., and Yüce, H., Lack of effect of bone morphogenetic protein 2 and 4 gene polymorphisms on bone density in postmenopausal Turkish women, vol. 9, pp. 2311-2316, 2010.

We investigated the effect of bone morphogenetic protein 2 and 4 (BMP-2 and -4) gene polymorphisms on bone density in postmenopausal Turkish women with osteoporosis. The frequency of single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of BMP-2 and -4 genes was analyzed in 101 osteoporotic-postmenopausal women and 52 postmenopausal women with positive bone mineral density scores. We evaluated the frequency of the thymine→cytosine nucleotide variation at position 538 for BMP-4 and the transposition of adenine→thymine at codon 190 for BMP-2, with PCR.

Cloning, partial sequence, and single-nucleotide polymorphism of the ryanodine receptor gene of the Pacific white shrimpLitopenaeus vannamei (Penaeidae)

X. H. Chen, Zeng, D. G., and Ma, N., Cloning, partial sequence, and single-nucleotide polymorphism of the ryanodine receptor gene of the Pacific white shrimpLitopenaeus vannamei (Penaeidae), vol. 9, pp. 2406-2411, 2010.

Ryanodine receptor/calcium release channel is a large protein that plays an essential role in muscle contraction; mutations in the ryanodine receptor gene affect sensitivity to stress. As a first step towards investigating the relationship between the ryanodine receptor and shrimp cramped muscle syndrome, we cloned, partially sequenced, and examined single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of the ryanodine receptor gene of the Pacific white shrimp (Litopenaeus vannamei). The nucleotide sequence of a 15.06-kb L.

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