Soybean aphid (SA: Aphis glycines Matsumura) is one of the most serious pests of soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merr.] worldwide. A single dominant gene was found to control SA resistance in soybean line P746, which exhibits antibiosis resistance. This study aimed to define the location of the SA resistance gene in P746. A F2:3 mapping population, including 312 individuals, was created based on the cross of P746 and ‘Dongnong 47’.
With the development of molecular marker technology, crop breeding has been accelerated by marker-assisted selection for the improvement of quantitative traits. However, due to the traits' polygenic nature, traditional marker-assisted selection methods are ill-suited for identification of quantitative trait loci. Genomic selection (GS) was introduced into crop breeding to achieve more accurate predictions by considering all genes or markers simultaneously.