We evaluated the clinical efficacy of tailoring tacrolimus dosage to cytochrome P450 (CYP) 3A5 genotype in liver transplant patients. One hundred patients who received tacrolimus-based therapy were included in the retrospective study in which the relationship between the tacrolimus blood trough concentration/dosage ratio and the CYP3A5 genotype of both donors and recipients was determined. Subsequently, 106 patients were continuously enrolled in a prospective study and followed-up for 6 months; the relationship between tacrolimus dosage and CYP3A5 genotype was also determined.
This study aimed to 1) analyze the results of tacrolimus blood concentration monitored in patients after renal transplantation, 2) observe and establish an optimal therapeutic window for patients, and 3) provide evidence for the clinical and rational use of drugs. Tacrolimus blood concentration was determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. A total of 1824 cases were obtained from the monitoring of 74 patients after renal transplantation. These cases were then retrospectively analyzed.