The aim of this study was to explore the expression of PI3K, AKT, and P-AKT, and to investigate the role of PI3K/AKT signaling pathway in thin endometrium. We included 40 women treated in affiliated Shenzhen Nanshan People’s Hospital of Guangdong Medical University for endometrial conditions between August 2013 and January 2015, 20 with a normal endometrium, and 20 with thin endometrium. The expression of PI3K, AKT, and P-AKT was evaluated by the immunohistochemical S-P method.
We explored the effects of icariin on the expression of estrogen receptor (ER), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), and kinase insert domain receptor (KDR) in the endometrial cells of the thin endometrium. Primary endometrial cells were obtained and divided into a blank control group, a high-, a middle-, and a low-dose icariin groups, as well as an estrogen treatment group to undergo cellular identification by immunocytochemistry. The expression levels of ER, VEGF, and its receptor were estimated by western blotting.