The bovine tick Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus causes major losses in cattle production systems in tropical regions. Bos indicus breeds are more resistant to ticks than B. taurus breeds. Resistance genes could be an alternative to control this parasite. We examined the pattern of gene expression of three calcium-binding-protein genes: translationally controlled tumor protein 1 (TPT1), allergen Bos d3 (S100A7), calcium channel protein transient receptor potential vanilloid 6 (TRPV6), and the cysteine proteinase inhibitor gene (CST6).
Losses caused by bovine tick burdens in tropical countries have a tremendous economic impact on production systems. Besides reducing production, this parasite can cause death in the most susceptible animals. The use of commercial acaricides has been the major method of control, but their misuse has led to tick resistance to many chemicals. More recently, vaccines have been used in some countries without solving the problem completely.