The 1BL.1RS wheat-rye translocation contained in the Russian cultivar Aurora has been the most widespread alien translocation in wheat-breeding programs all over the world. However, following the prevalence of new biotypes of the pathogens, disease-resistance genes in this translocation chromosome have been overcome and consequently they have been eliminated in modern wheat-breeding programs. In this paper, we report on 12 new primary 1BL.1RS translocation lines derived from the crosses of a Chinese high yield wheat cv. Mianyang 11 with three rye cultivars collected from China.
To investigate the polymorphism of two groups of male sterile lines and their maintainer lines, we used amplified fragment length polymorphism markers. Of the 64 primer pairs, five reproducibly demonstrated polymorphism. Group I had 27 polymorphic bands, and Group II had 24 polymorphic bands. The maximum number of polymorphic bands was produced by line 2 (18 polymorphic bands) followed by line 7 (15 polymorphic bands).