Research Article

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Breast cancer; Ethnicity; Glutathione S-transferases; Northeastern Mexico; Polymorphisms

Glutathione S-transferases (GSTs) are a family of phase II metabolizing enzymes involved in carcinogen detoxification and the metabolism of various bioactive compounds. Several genes that code for these enzymes are polymorphic in an ethnicity-dependent manner, with particular genotypes previously associated with an increased risk of breast cancer. The purpose of this study was to ... more

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The methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) gene plays an important role in the steps involved in the processing of amino acids. The analysis of polymorphisms in the MTHFR gene has revealed associations with cancer; in particular the C677T polymorphism, which has been suggested to affect folate metabolism, DNA methylation, synthesis, and repair, and to contribute to ... more

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S.A. Gutiérrez-Rubio; A. Quintero-Ramos; A. Durán-Cárdenas; R.A. Franco-Topete; J.M. Castro-Cervantes; A. Oceguera-Villanueva; L.M. Jiménez-Pérez; L.M.A. Balderas-Peña; G. Morgan-Villela; A. Del-Toro-Arreola; A. Daneri-Navarro
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Brazil; Glutathione S-transferase; Polymorphism

The glutathione S-transferase (GST) family of enzymes has a vital role in phase II of biotransformation of environmental carcinogens, pollutants, drugs and other xenobiotics. GSTs are polymorphic, with the type and frequency of polymorphism being ethnic dependent. Polymorphisms in GST genes have been shown to be associated with susceptibility to disease and disease outcome. We ... more

A. Rossini; D.C.M. Rapozo; L.M.F. Amorim; J.M.B. Macedo; R. Medina; J.F.N. Neto; C.V.M. Gallo; L.F.R. Pinto
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Suppressor of cytokine signaling 2 (SOCS2) is a negative regulator of growth hormone signaling. The deletion of SOCS2 in mice results in a 30-50% increase in post-natal growth. In an effort to identify polymorphisms in the SOCS2 gene that may be associated with body size in dogs, we characterized the canine SOCS2 gene and analyzed its genetic diversity among small and large dog breeds ... more

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