Research Article

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11/30/2010
Crustacean; Macrobrachium; Phylogenetic relathionship; Polymorphism; Prawn; RAPD-PCR

The prawn genus Macrobrachium belongs to the family Palaemonidae. Its species are widely distributed in lakes, reservoirs, floodplains, and rivers in tropical and subtropical regions of South America. Globally, the genus Macrobrachium includes nearly 210 known species, many of which have economic and ecological importance. We analyzed three species of this genus (M. ... more

A.L. Guerra; A.V.B. Lima; F.G. Taddei; L. Castiglioni
10/26/2010
ACE gene; GSTM1; GSTT1; Polymorphism; Retinopathy of prematurity

One of the most frequently observed causes of blindness in infancy is the pathogenesis known as retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) is a vital enzyme in the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system; it is involved in the development of cardiovascular system diseases linked to I/D polymorphism of the ACE gene. Glutathione-S-transferase enzyme (GST) is one of ... more

M. Yildiz; M. Karkucak; T. Yakut; O. Gorukmez; A. Ozmen
09/21/2010
Endothelial nitric oxide synthase; Essential hypertension; Meta-analysis; Polymorphism

We examined the effect of polymorphisms in the endothelial nitric oxide synthase gene on the risk for essential hypertension in a Han Chinese population through a meta-analysis of data from 15 studies. Associations between increased risk for essential hypertension and 4b/a were obtained in a dominant model and allele contrast (aa + ab vs bb: odds ratio (OR)FE = 1.26, ... more

H.G. Wang; J.L. Wang; P. Chang; F.L. Cao; X.C. Liu; Y.B. Ma; G.X. Zhai; H.Q. Gao
07/20/2010
Adiponectin; Adrenergic receptor; Cardiometabolic risk factor; Obesity; Polymorphism

We determined whether ADRβ3 polymorphism is associated with obesity-related traits in 140 obese patients. Molecular analysis was performed by PCR and RFLP. Individuals carrying the Arg64 allele had a lower waist-to-hip ratio, higher adiponectin and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels, and a tendency towards lower blood pressure. In contrast, Trp64/Trp64 carriers ... more

V.A. Genelhu; E.A. Francischetti; S.F.P. Duarte; B.M.J. Celoria; R.C. Oliveira; P.H. Cabello; M.M.G. Pimentel
07/13/2010
Coronary artery disease; Inflammation; Polymorphism; PPAR-δ

Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor delta (PPAR-δ) is a transcription factor implicated in metabolism and inflammation. The +294T/C polymorphism in the PPAR-δ gene is associated with risk of coronary artery disease (CAD) in dyslipidemic women and hypercholesterolemic men. Whether this polymorphism influences the risk of CAD in the absence of dyslipidemia was not known, so we ... more

I. Jguirim-Souissi; A. Jelassi; Y. Hrira; M. Najah; A. Slimani; F. Addad; M. Hassine; K.B. Hamda; F. Maatouk; M. Rouis; M.N. Slimane
07/06/2010
Inner Mongolia; Metabolic lipid disorders; Polymorphism; PPARg2-Pro12Ala; Primary hypertension

In order to determine whether Pro12Ala polymorphism of the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ2 (PPARγ2) gene contributes to susceptibility to primary hypertension and metabolic lipid disorders, 482 unrelated subjects from Inner Mongolia were studied, including 137 healthy normotensive (controls) and 345 hypertensive subjects. PCR-RFLP was used to determine the genotypes of ... more

L. Gao; L. Wang; H. Yun; L. Su; X. Su
07/27/2010
Biomphalaria; Genetic variability; Polymorphism; RAPD-PCR; Schistosoma mansoni

Despite the implementation control programs, schistosomiasis continues to spread throughout the world. Among modern control strategies, vector control is currently being emphasized. Within this context, analysis of the genetic variability of intermediate host snails (Biomphalaria spp) is important because it allows identification of specific sequences of the genome of this ... more

A.L.D. Oliveira; D. Da Silva; B.C. Manzano; A.Z. Abdel-Hamid; M.Y. Marcelino; E.M. Zanotti-Magalhães; E.M. Zanotti-Magalhães; L.A. Magalhães; J.T. Ribeiro-Paes
05/11/2010
Beefmaster; Charolais; IGF1; Polymorphism; SNP IGF1/SnaBI

The IGF1 gene (insulin-like growth factor 1) is a candidate gene for marker-assisted selection strategies. A single nucleotide polymorphism in the promoter region (IGF1/SnaBI) has been reported to be associated with production traits in several cattle breeds. Here, we report its allelic frequencies in Charolais and Beefmaster breeds; we confirm its association with three growth ... more

X.F.De la Rosa Reyna; H.M. Montoya; V.V. Castrellón; A.M.S. Rincón; M.P. Bracamonte; W.A. Vera
04/20/2010
ACE gene; Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome; Polymorphism

Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) is a vital enzyme in the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system, and there are reports in the literature describing its role in the development of cardiovascular system diseases, with I/D polymorphism of the ACE gene. We examined the relationship between a patient group with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) and a control group in terms of I/D ... more

T. Yakut; M. Karkucak; A. Ursavas; T. Gulten; B. Burgazlioglu; O. Gorukmez; M. Karadag
04/13/2010
Bladder cancer; CCR2-V64I; Chemokines; MCP-1 A-2518G; Polymorphism

Chemokines are potent proinflammatory cytokines that are implicated in numerous inflammatory diseases. Proinflammatory gene polymorphisms lead to variations in the production and concentration of inflammatory proteins. We investigated a possible association between polymorphisms in chemokine and chemokine receptor genes (MCP-1 A-2518G and CCR2-V64I) and bladder cancer risk. Genotypes were ... more

K.F. Narter; B. Agachan; S. Sozen; Z.B. Cincin; T. Isbir

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