Research Article

Related GMR Articles

Heritability; Inheritance pattern; Phaseolus vulgaris; Selection index

The development of common bean cultivars with biofortified grains for macrominerals and a seed coat color pattern that satisfies consumer preference is a new demand of breeding programs. However, combined selection for seed coat color and macromineral concentrations in common beans is unprecedented. The objectives of this work were to obtain estimates of genetic ... more

N.D. Ribeiro; H.C. Mezzomo; G.Gdos Santos
Common bean ideotype; Genetic variability; Pearson correlation; Phaseolus vulgaris; Rank sum index

The development of common bean cultivars with upright plant architecture and high grain yield meets the needs of bean growers by facilitating culture management and mechanized harvest. The objectives of this study were to evaluate whether Mesoamerican common bean lines differ for upright plant architecture traits and grain yield, analyze correlations between these ... more

N.D. Ribeiro; G.R. Kläsener; I.P. Somavilla; G.Gdos Santos
Fusarium wilt; Phaseolus vulgaris; Plant-pathogen interaction

Fusarium wilt caused by the fungus Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. phaseoli (Fop) is one of the most important diseases of common bean and occurs in many regions of the world. However, there is little available information that could elucidate when and where the fungus attacks common bean plants. To study the colonization of common bean by this ... more

R.O. Batista; T.S. Leite; A. Nicoli; J.E.S. Carneiro; P.C.S. Carneiro; T.J.Paula Junior; M.V. Queiroz
Common bean breeding; Disease resistance; Molecular markers; Phaseolus vulgaris; Progenies; Seed yield

Common beans are a key source of protein and are consumed daily by most of the Brazilian population. More than 70% of what is consumed in this country is classified as carioca beans, based on seed qualities and appearance. We evaluated progenies of carioca common beans of the Brazilian agriculture research agency (Embrapa) recurrent selection program. This ... more

L.C. Melo; A.C.F. Silva; H.S. Pereira; P.G.S. Melo; T.L.P.O. Souza
Adsorption process; Cellular ultrastructure; Comet assay and flow cytometry; MWCNTs; OTA; Phaseolus vulgaris; RAPD-PCR

Recently, carbon nanotubes (CNTs) are gaining attention in the field of agriculture as advanced approaches to minimize toxicity of mycotoxins for crop plants. We examined whether MWCNTs can be used to alleviate genotoxicity and DNA damage induced by ochratoxin A (OTA) in the common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris) by comparing the action of three OTA doses, prior ... more

E. Abdelhaliem; H. Al-Otaibi
Growth; Nutrient solution; Pearson correlation; Phaseolus vulgaris

The amount of absorbed phosphorus directly impacts on the growth and grain yield of common bean plants. We evaluated dry matter production at different growth stages and grain yield of common bean genotypes in response to phosphorus availability in a nutrient solution and examined possible associations between these characters. The experiment was carried out in a ... more

R.B. Mambrin; G.B.P. da Silva; D. Sausen; I.R. Carvalho; V.J. Szareski; G.G. Conte
Nodulation; Phaseolus vulgaris; Rhizobium; SNF

Nitrogen (N) is the most important soil nutrient for common beans; the main sources are mineral N fertilizers and symbiotic N fixation (SNF). The common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris) is a N fixing species, but breeding programs have neglected this fact. We investigates black seeded elite lines grown with mineral N fertilization or using inoculation with ... more

P.A.S. Dias; P.G.S. Melo; L.C. Melo; T.L.P.O. Souza; L.C. Faria; E.P.B. Ferreira; H.S. Pereira
AMMI; Anthracnose; Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. phaseoli; Phaseolus vulgaris; Stability

Fusarium wilt is a serious soil disease affecting common bean cultivation, especially crops under a central pivot irrigation system. Our objective was to identify bean lines that combine resistance to Fusarium wilt in the field with other desirable traits. Twenty-eight randomized block trials with three replicates were conducted  in the rainy, winter, and dry ... more

D.G. Pereira; L.C. Faria; P.P. Torga; T.L.P.O. Souza; L.C. Melo; H.S. Pereira
Cytogenetics; Meiosis; Plant breeding; Pollen viability; X Triticosecale Wittmack

Triticale (X Triticosecale Wittmack) is an intergeneric hybrid derived from a cross between wheat and rye. As a newly created allopolyploid, the plant shows instabilities during the meiotic process, which may result in the loss of fertility. This genomic instability has hindered the success of triticale-breeding programs. Therefore, strategies should be developed to obtain stable ... more

R.M. Giacomin; R. Assis; S.P. Brammer; N. Junior; P.R. Da-Silva
Agronomic trait; Hybrid; Mungbean; Physiological trait; Plant breeding

Heterotic effects of mungbean hybrids from 25 crosses between parents differing in 9 agronomic and physiological traits were evaluated for various selected traits and seed yield. Significant heteroses were observed in most selected traits, except for the number of seeds per plant. When the heterosis of seed yield was evaluated in these hybrids, significant heterosis was found in 9 crosses, ... more

P.A. Tantasawat; P. Khajudparn; T. Prajongjai; O. Poolsawat