Research Article

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Bombyx mori is an insect whose cocoon is used in the sericulture industry, which is an important activity in parts of southern Brazil. When parasitized by Bombyx mori nucleopolyhedrovirus (BmNPV) of the genus Alphabaculovirus (alphaBV), it develops nuclear polyhedrosis disease. In Brazil, an alphaBV was isolated from larvae of B. mori and various target ... more

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Conformation-sensitive gel electrophoresis is a useful method for identifying allele polymorphism; it provides co-dominant molecular markers. Using this method, we identified genetic variability in the third intron of the fibroin light chain gene, fib-L, in six Bombyx mori strains. Only Chinese C21A strain did not demonstrate allelic alterations, showing only homoduplex DNA ... more

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A multiple nucleopolyhedrovirus previously isolated from infected Bombyx mori L. larvae (BmMNPV) in Paraná state, Brazil, was inoculated into B. mori larvae to examine susceptibility and cytopathology in silk gland cells. The anterior, middle and posterior silk glands were removed from the infected silkworm at different times post-inoculation and processed for cytopathology ... more

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Actin; Bent DNA; Bombyx mori; Nucleopolyhedrovirus; Resistance

Previous reports demonstrated that actin is necessary for nucleocapsid transport and viral gene expression during nucleopolyhedrovirus infection of Bombyx mori. The first intron of B. mori A3 actin contains a cryptic promoter that drives expression of a rare isoform. We detected differences in the size and nucleotide composition of the first intron of the A3 actin gene ... more

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The quantitative trait loci (QTLs) associated with cocoon traits in silkworms were mapped in 44 individuals of a backcross of Dazao females with hybrid F1 males; the hybrid males were from females of inbred C100 strain, which have white cocoons and superior cocoon traits, crossed with males of inbred strain Dazao, which have green cocoons and inferior cocoon traits. Nineteen ... more

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In the silkworm (Bombyx mori), resistance to the Zhenjiang (China) strain of the densonucleosis virus (DNV-Z) is controlled by the recessive gene nsd-Z (non-susceptible to DNV-Z), which is linked to 7 simple-sequence repeat markers. Marker-assisted evaluation and selection of DNV-Z-resistant silkworms were used for predicting DNV-resistance in backcrossed animals. A ... more

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Bmhrp28; BmPSI; Bombyx mori; Sex determination

Bombyx mori BmHRP28 and BmPSI, which belong to the family of RNA-binding proteins, have been identified binding to the female-specific exon 4 of the sex-determining gene Bmdsx pre-mRNA. However, the relationships between BmHRP28 and BmPSI still remain unclear. In this study, we carried out yeast two-hybrid (Y2H) and co-immunoprecipitation (Co-IP) analyses to address ... more

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Bombyx mori; Expression profiles; Fatty acid desaturase genes; Multiple sequence alignment; Reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction

Fatty acid desaturases exist in all living organisms and play important roles in many different biologic processes, such as fatty acid metabolism, lipid biosynthetic processes, and pheromone biosynthetic processes. Using the available silkworm genome sequence, we identified 14 candidate fatty acid desaturase genes. Eleven genes contain 3 conserved histidine cluster motifs and 4 ... more

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Bombyx mori; marker-assisted selection; Scaleless wings; Tolerance to fluoride

In the silkworm (Bombyx mori), tolerance to fluoride and scaleless wings are controlled by the dominant gene Dtf (dominant tolerance to fluoride) and recessive gene nlw (no Lepidoptera wings), respectively, and these genes have been mapped by using simple sequence repeat and sequence tag site markers. Marker-assisted evaluation and selection of silkworms with ... more

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Bombyx mori; Gene clone; Immune reaction; Karyopherin; Protein expression; Real-time fluorescence quantitative RT-PCR

Karyopherins, including alpha and beta types, are transport proteins in the eukaryotic cell that carry cargoes across nuclear pore complexes into or out of the nucleus. In this study, full open reading frames of one beta and three alpha types of karyopherin were cloned from cDNA of the domestic silkworm (Bombyx mori). The one beta and three alpha types’ open reading frames were ... more

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