Research Article

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Calcium and vitamin D; Cross- sectional; Exercise; Fosamax drug; Lifestyle; Menopause; Osteoporosis; Prevalence; T-score

Osteoporosis is a common pathology and a cause of disability and reduced quality of life invarious developing countries.  An urgent issue in this context is the study of risk factors for osteoporosis, especially those that can be modified. We conducted a cross-sectional study in Vietnam.  The study was conducted in the city of Vinh and involved 2065 respondents who ... more

S.C. Thuc; T.H.L. Thi; M.T.N. Thi; H.D. Vinh
04/29/2014
Diet; Essential hypertension; Habits; Lifestyle; Mongolians

Lifestyle, habits, diet, and genetics are all important factors associated with the prevalence of hypertension. Many association studies have been performed in the Chinese Han population, whereas data explaining the high prevalence of hypertension in the Mongolian population remain scarce. In the present study, we aimed to determine the factors associated with the development of essential ... more

N. Dalai; H. Cui; M. Yan; G. Rile; S. Li; X. Su
09/27/2013
Exercise; Genetic risk factor; Nutritional intervention; Obesity

We evaluated the response of individuals with metabolic syndrome to lifestyle modification intervention and examined the influence of the 48867A>C (Asp358Ala) IL6R (rs2228145) polymorphism on this response. Participants were randomly divided into two groups: NI, nutritional intervention; NIE, nutritional intervention and exercise practice. Intervention lasted three months and ... more

V.R.A. Vargas; S.L. Bonatto; F.E. Macagnan; A.M.P. Feoli; C.S. Alho; N.D.V. Santos; V.M. Schmitt
10/30/2015
Exercise; Interleukin-15; Osteoarthritis; Synovial fluid; Synovium

The objective of this study was to examine the effect of high-intensity exercise on interleukin-15 (IL-15) expression in rabbit synovia. We utilized 24 New Zealand white rabbits, which were randomly divided equally into high-intensity exercise and control groups. The former were forced to run for 60 min/day over 4 weeks at the speed of 30 m/min. The histological changes of cartilage and ... more

Y.H. Wang; X.D. Li; W.B. Zhu; G.F. Sun
2016 Dec 19
Athletes; Cell Hypoxia; Cell proliferation; Cells, Cultured; Endothelial progenitor cells; Exercise; Gene expression; Humans; Lipoproteins; Skiing

In this study, we compared the functional properties of endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) derived from halfpipe-snowboarding athletes who train under hyperoxic conditions with those derived from normal subjects who lived under normoxic conditions. Peripheral blood-derived EPCs were isolated from both halfpipe-snowboarding athletes and normal humans. Cellular growth dynamics, lipoprotein ... more

Y.H. Zhao; J.C. Kan; Y.F. Wang; W.J. Guan; Z.Q. Zhu
07/04/2014
Cholesterol; Intracellular calcium ion concentration; Paeoniflorin; Sphincter of Oddi

This study aimed to investigate the influence of hypercholesterolemia (HC) on intracellular calcium ion concentration in the sphincter of Oddi (SO) of rabbits and the influence of paeoniflorin on intracellular calcium ion concentration in the hypercholesterolemic rabbit SO. Sixteen purebred New Zealand rabbits were randomly divided into two groups: the control group and the HC model group ... more

F. Wang; C.M. Wang; J.D. Liu; Y.T. Wang
05/09/2014
Alzheimer’s disease; APP processing; Cholesterol; Lipid raft; Rh2

Ginsenoside Rh2 (Rh2) is a ginseng derivative used in Chinese traditional medicine. We investigated whether Rh2 can help prevent Alzheimer’s disease symptoms and examined underlying mechanisms. We injected Rh2 into tg2576 Alzheimer’s disease model mice and looked for behavioral improvement and senile plaque reduction in brain slices. We measured amyloid precursor protein (APP) metabolism ... more

J. Qiu; W. Li; S.H. Feng; M. Wang; Z.Y. He
2017 Mar 22
Actins; Animal Feed; Animals; Cattle; Chemokine CCL5; Diet; Female; Interleukin-8; Lactalbumin; Lactation; Mammary Glands, Animal; Milk; Milk proteins; Random Allocation; Rumen

In order to evaluate the milk yield, milk quality, and health of dairy cows fed a high-concentrate (HC) diet, eight lactating Holstein dairy cattle were randomly assigned to HC or low-concentrate (LC) diet groups and fed for 50 days, and the auto-control studying before and after treatment with the two diets was used. During the experiment, plasma and milk samples were collected and measured. ... more

Z.L. Xie; J. Zhang; D.M. Zhang; J.F. Li; Y.H. Lin
2017 May 10
Adipose tissue; Animals; Antioxidants; Body weight; Camellia sinensis; Chromosomal Proteins, Non-Histone; Chronotherapy; Circadian rhythm; Diet; Eating; Female; Homeostasis; Lipid metabolism; Liver; Liver X Receptors; Mice; Ovary; Oxidation-Reduction; Plant Extracts; Tea

Biological rhythms can be defined as changes in physiological or behavioral variables that repeat at certain time intervals. Rhythms that last approximately 24 h are referred to as circadian rhythms. Modern lifestyles have drastically affected human habits, as well as the population's eating habits. These changes have generated an epidemic of metabolic syndromes, such as obesity and diabetes. ... more

R.P. Amorim; I.P. Daher; F.P.D. Arcangelo; M.F. Bellini; W.A. Orcini; G.R. Sarria; R.L. Peruquetti
2017 Aug 17
alpha-Amylases; Animal Husbandry; Animals; Chickens; Diet; Dietary Supplements; Digestion; Energy metabolism; male

This study aimed to evaluate the supplementation levels of an exogenous alpha-amylase in broilers diets and compare two indicators in determining the diets energy. The experiment was divided into two parallel evaluations, being one of performance and the other of metabolism. In performance assay, 1,700 one-day-old Cobb-500 male chicks were used. The animals were distributed in 50 experimental ... more

H.B. Oliveira; M.I.A. Silva; F.R. Mesquita