Research Article

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Eremanthus erythropappus, commonly known as “candeia”,is an abundant pioneer tree species, forming dense populations known as “candeial”, but it is also found in forests at middle stages of succession. Trees from forests are bigger and occur in lower density than in the “candeial”. The objectives of the present study were to investigate if the decrease in population density during ... more

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Fluorescence in situ hybridization; Freshwater fishes; Karyotype evolution; Molecular cytogenetics; Ribosomal DNA

In the present study, the karyotype and chromosomal characteristics of 9 species of the Bagridae fish family were investigated using conventional Giemsa staining as well as dual-color fluorescence in situ hybridization to detect the 18S and 5S rDNA sites. In addition to describing the karyotype of several Bagridae catfishes, we established molecular cytogenetic techniques to ... more

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Hylidae is one of the most species-rich families of anurans, and 40% of representatives in this group occur in Brazil. In spite of such remarkable diversity, little is known about this family and its taxonomical and systematic features. Most hylids have 2n = 24, even though most of the cytogenetic data are mainly obtained based on the conventional chromosomal staining and are available ... more

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The Iguaçu River basin is a tributary to the upper Paraná River in southern Brazil, and is considered an important aquatic ecoregion that, although having few species of fish, 51-71% of these are apparently endemic. Ancistrus abilhoai is one of three recently described species for this basin and is currently considered endemic to the basin. In this study, we present the ... more

M.O. Ribeiro; R.B. Noleto; C.A. Lorscheider; F.E. Porto; A.C. Prizon; C.H. Zawadzki; L.C. Oliveira; A.L.B.Portela Castro
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About 98 species of Manihot are known. All of them are native to the New World and are concentrated in four regions in Brazil and Central America. All the Manihot species so far examined have 2n = 36 chromosomes. Interspecific hybrids between cassava and its wild relatives show relatively normal meiosis, and further generations can be obtained. Electrophoresis shows ... more

N.M.A. Nassar
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Amphibians; Evolution; Gene redundancy; Polyploidy; Speciation

The evolution of the metazoa has been characterized by gene redundancy, generated by polyploidy, tandem duplication and retrotransposition. Polyploidy can be detected by looking for duplicated chromosomes or segments of orthologous chromosomes in post-polyploid animals. It has been proposed that the evolutionary role of polyploidy is to provide extra-copies of genes, whose subsequent ... more

M.Luiza Beçak; L.Setsuo Kobashi
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Apomixis; Interspecific crosses; Polyploidy

A new species was synthesized artificially by chromosome doubling in a hybrid. The ensuing polyploid type exhibits an apomictic nature and maintains its morphological characteristics in the progeny. It showed a frequency of multiembryonic sacs of 29% in the ovules examined, whereas sacs were absent in the diploid type.

*In honor of deceased Professor Vieira who dedicated a part ... more

N.M.A. Nassar
06/22/2006
Chromosomal size evolution; Genome size evolution; Incongruent patterns; Oryza sativa; Polyploidy

To investigate genome size evolution, it is usually informative to compare closely related species that vary dramatically in genome size. A whole genome duplication (polyploidy) that occurred in rice (Oryza sativa) about 70 million years ago has been well documented based on current genome sequencing. The presence of three distinct duplicate blocks from the polyploidy, of ... more

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Cytogenetics; cytotaxonomy; morphology; Polyploidy

Somatic chromosome numbers were determined for 20 new germplasm accessions of Paspalum, belonging to 17 species collected in Brazil. Chromosome number is reported for the first time for P. reduncum (2n = 18), P. cinerascens (2n = 20), P. cordatum (2n = 20), P. filgueirasii (2n = 24), P. ammodes (2n = 36), P. bicilium (2n = 40), ... more

A.P.S. Peñaloza; A.L. Côrtes; M.T. Pozzobon; S. Santos; G.H. Rua; J.F.M. Valls
12/07/2010
Brachiaria decumbens; Evolution; Genome elimination; Microsporogenesis; Natural hybridization; Polyploidy

Polyploidy is a prominent and significant force in plant evolution, taking place since ancient times and continuing until today. Recent cytogenetic studies in the genus Brachiaria using germplasm collected from wild African savannas in the 1980s revealed that most species and accessions within species are polyploid. Diploid, tetraploid, and pentaploid accessions have been found. ... more

G.C.L. Ricci; M.S. Pagliarini; C.B. Valle

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