Research Article

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Cytosine DNA methylation is a conserved epigenetic regulatory mechanism in both plants and animals. DNA methyltransferases (DNA MTases) not only initiate (de novo) but also maintain the process of DNA methylation. Here, we characterized the genome-wide expression profiles of 10 cytosine DNA MTase genes belonging to 4 subfamilies, MET1, CMT, DNMT2, and ... more

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Myostatin is a negative regulator of the growth and development of skeletal muscle mass. In fish, myostatin is expressed in several organs in addition to skeletal muscle. To understand the mechanisms regulating myostatin gene expression in the sea perch, Lateolabrax japonicus, we examined the methylation status of the myostatin gene promoter region in several tissues (liver, eye, kidney, brain ... more

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DNA methylation; Epigenetic inheritance; Molecular marker; Mutation analysis; Plant breeding

Fig (Ficus carica) breeding programs that use conventional approaches to develop new cultivars are rare, owing to limited genetic variability and the difficulty in obtaining plants via gamete fusion. Cytosine methylation in plants leads to gene repression, thereby affecting transcription without changing the DNA sequence. Previous studies using random amplification of polymorphic ... more

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DNA methylation; Heat inducible; HSP70

DNA methylation plays a central role in gene expression. In this study, we detected the promoter methylation pattern of the chicken heat shock protein 70 (HSP70) gene and its association with messenger RNA (mRNA) expression before and after heat shock. The results showed that mRNA expression increased in response to heat stress and peaked at 3 h before dropping. Hypomethylation ... more

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DNA methylation; Fat; MSAP; Muscle; Pig

DNA methylation may be involved in regulating the expression of protein-coding genes, resulting in different fat and muscle phenotypes. Using a methylation-sensitive amplified polymorphism approach, we obtained 7423 bands by selective amplification of genomic DNA from six different fat depots and two heterogeneous muscle types from Duroc/Landrace/Yorkshire cross-bred pigs. The degrees of ... more

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We explored a possible correlation of genetic instability and CpG methylation in the 5'-flanking region of the PAI-1 gene with clinicopathologic features of gastric cancer in Chinese patients and looked for molecular markers for diagnosing gastric tumor development. Microsatellite instability and loss of heterozygosity of the PAI-1 gene locus D7S515, D7S471 and pai-1 ... more

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DNA methylation; Histone acetylation; PEV; Transgene expression; Transgenic pig

Sequences proximal to transgene integration sites are able to regulate transgene expression, resulting in complex position effect variegation. Position effect variegation can cause differences in epigenetic modifications, such as DNA methylation and histone acetylation. However, it is not known which factor, position effect or epigenetic modification, plays a more important role in the ... more

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Heterosis is the superior performance of heterozygous individuals and has been widely exploited in plant breeding, although the underlying regulatory mechanisms still remain largely elusive. To understand the molecular basis of heterosis in maize, in this study, roots and leaves at the seedling stage and embryos and endosperm tissues 15 days after fertilization of 2 elite hybrids and ... more

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Cancer antigen 125; Cationic conjugated polymer-based fluorescence resonance energy transfer; DNA methylation; Epithelial ovarian cancer; Methylation level detection

DNA methylation plays an important role in carcinogenesis and cancer development. In this study, we examined gene methylation in epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) using cationic conjugated polymer (CCP)-based fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) to evaluate the application of cumulative methylation alternations of genes associated with cancer antigen 125 for early cancer diagnosis ... more

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