Research Article

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In breeding programs, commercial hybrids are frequently used as a source of inbred lines to obtain new hybrids. Considering that maize production is dependent on viable gametes, the selection of populations to obtain inbred lines with high meiotic stability could contribute to the formation of new silage corn hybrids adapted to specific region. We evaluated the meiotic stability of five ... more

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The intensity of genetic diversity amongst chickpea genotypes and their crosses is unknown. The current study investigated the genetic diversity of chickpea genotypes and their F1 crosses by using random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) markers. We assessed the variation among six chickpea genotypes and 15 F1 crosses with the RAPD markers. The six parents and their ... more

K. Mahmood; W. Nazeer; M. Naeem; S. Freed; M.A. Khan; G. Abbas; M. Iqbal; A.R. Kulachi; S.A. Sajid; M.A. Sadiq; M. Saleem
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Wide hybridization expands the gene pool of cultivated species and can produce genotypes with practical value, often resistant to diseases. In plants, ISSRs are often used for hybrid identification as well as for diversity evaluation. We estimated genetic similarity among advanced genetic stocks of triticale hybrids and identified Aegilops juvenalis introgressions into triticale ... more

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Breeding; General combining ability; Griffing; Grits; Hybrids; Partial correlation; specific combining ability

Corn grits are used for various purposes such as flakes, snacks, livestock feed, hominy, extruded products, beer, etc. The grit size proportion varies according to the hybrid, and thus, once the use of the grits is linked to the particle size, determining the genetic effects is essential to develop hybrids for any specific use. For this purpose a complete diallel series of crosses, ... more

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The fall armyworm, Spodoptera frugiperda, is the pest that causes the greatest economic losses for both common corn and popcorn crops, and the use of resistant plant genotypes is an important tool for integrated pest management. The goal of the present study was to evaluate the damage caused by S. frugiperda on single-cross popcorn hybrids under field conditions ... more

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Early selection; Genetic effects; Grain yield; Hybrids; Seed quality tests; Zea mays L.

Studies of genetic effects of early selection of maize based on seed quality traits are rare, especially those that use materials from different heterotic groups. These studies are also useful in tropical environments and for the advancement of sustainable agriculture with cropping during seasons not commonly used for cultivation. We estimated, through diallel crosses, the predominant ... more

L.M. Moterle; A.L. Braccini; C.A. Scapim; R.J.B. Pinto; L.S.A. Gonçalves; A.Tdo Amaral Júnior; T.R.C. Silva
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In Brazil, using combining ability of popcorn genotypes to achieve superior hybrids has been unsuccessful because the local genotypes are all members of the same heterotic group. To overcome this constraint, 10 lines (P1 to P10) with different adaptations to tropical or temperate edaphoclimatic environments were used to obtain 45 F1 hybrids in a complete ... more

V.Q.R. da Silva; A.Tdo Amaral Júnior; L.S.A. Gonçalves; S.P.Freitas Júnior; L.S. Candido; C. Vittorazzi; L.M. Moterle; R.A. Vieira; C.A. Scapim
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Diallel; Gene action; Genotypes; Morphological traits

We conducted a 5 x 5 complete diallel cross experiment in bread wheat (Triticum aestivum) with the genotypes 6309, Chkwal-50, Dhrabi, Bhkhar-02, and FS-08. Our objective was to evaluate the type of gene action and the general and specific combining abilities required for various morphological traits in wheat. The results of analysis of variance revealed highly significant ... more

M. Shehzad; S.B. Hussain; M.K. Qureshi; M. Akbar; M. Javed; H.M. Imran; S.A. Manzoor
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Diallel; Hybridization; Plant breeding

Pepper has considerable genetic diversity and versatility. Knowledge of the genetic control of traits in peppers is of great importance for breeding programs given the large variety of types, sizes, colors and flavors. To this end, we examined the inheritance of seedling and plant traits in ornamental pepper (Capsicum annuum). The experiment was conducted ... more

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