Research Article

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Bayesian approach; Beef cattle; Bos indicus; Genetic correlation; Growth traits; Reproduction

Survival or longevity is an economically important trait in beef cattle. The main inconvenience for its inclusion in selection criteria is delayed recording of phenotypic data and the high computational demand for including survival in proportional hazard models. Thus, identification of a longevity-correlated trait that could be recorded early in life would be very useful for selection ... more

M.H. Van Melis; H.N. Oliveira; J.P. Eler; J.B.S. Ferraz; J. Casellas; L. Varona
Beef cattle; Genetic trend; Heritability; Productive efficiency; Selection

With the aim of estimating the coefficient of heritability of average annual productivity of Nellore cows (COWPROD), a data set from 24,855 animals with known pedigree was analyzed. COWPROD is defined as the amount (in kilograms) of weaned calves produced yearly by one cow during her remaining time in herd ignoring a fixed period of 365 days. COWPROD was calculated regarding three standards: a ... more

J.P. Eler; J.B.S. Ferraz; J.C.C. Balieiro; E.C. Mattos
Beef cattle; Genetic and phenotypic correlations; Heritability; Maternal effect; Swiss cattle; Weight gain

Genetic parameters for traits related to postweaning growth in Braunvieh cattle, reared under tropical and sub-tropical conditions in Brazil, were studied. Weight traits were weight at 365 days of age (W365, N = 4055), at 450 days (W450, N = 3453), and at 550 days (W550, N = 1946), while weight gains were gain from weaning to 365 days of age (WGW365, N = 3060), from weaning to 450 days ( ... more

D.C. Cucco; J.B.S. Ferraz; J.P. Eler; J.C.C. Balieiro; E.C. Mattos; L. Varona
Beef cattle; Censored records; Fertility; Heritability; Reproduction

The continuous trait age at subsequent rebreeding (ASR) was evaluated using survival analysis in Nellore breed cows that conceived for the first time at approximately 14 months of age. This methodology was chosen because the restricted breeding season produces censored data. The dataset contained 2885 records of ASR (in days). Records of females that did not produce calves in the ... more

M.H. Van Melis; L.G.G. Figueiredo; H.N. Oliveira; J.P. Eler; G.J.M. Rosa; M.L. Santana; F.M. Rezende; J.B.S. Ferraz
Clustering; Genetic correlation; Genetic diversity; Heritability; Oil content

Jatropha curcas, internationally and locally known, respectively, as physic nut and pinhão manso, is a highly promising species for biodiesel production in Brazil and other countries in the tropics. It is rustic, grows in warm regions and is easily cultivated. These characteristics and high-quality oil yields from the seeds have made this plant a priority for biodiesel programs ... more

R.G. Freitas; R.F. Missio; F.S. Matos; M.D.V. Resende; L.A.S. Dias
Arabi sheep; Genetic correlation; Genetic parameters; Growth traits; Heritability

The objective of the present study was to estimate genetic parameters for body weight at different ages in Arabi sheep using data collected from 1999 to 2009. Investigated traits consisted of birth weight (N = 2776), weaning weight (N = 2002) and weight at six months of age (N = 1885). The data were analyzed using restricted maximum likelihood analysis, by fitting univariate and ... more

B. Shokrollahi; H. Baneh
Bubalus bubalis; Genetic correlation; Heritability; Random regression models; Sire rank

The objective of this study was to estimate variance components and genetic parameters for accumulated 305-day milk yield (MY305) over multiple ages, from 24 to 120 months of age, applying random regression (RRM), repeatability (REP) and multi-trait (MT) models. A total of 4472 lactation records from 1882 buffaloes of the Murrah breed were utilized. The contemporary group (herd-year- ... more

R.C. Sesana; F. Baldi; R.R.A. Borquis; A.B. Bignardi; N.A. Hurtado-Lugo; E. Faro; L.G. Albuquerque; H. Tonhati
Beef cattle; Heritability; Selection; Tropics; Weights

(Co)variance components and genetic parameters were estimated for body weights of an elite Brahman herd under a designed, supervised management and genetic program, including strategic artificial insemination (AI). Restricted maximum likelihood methods were used with a univariate animal model for birth weight (BW) and a bivariate model for weaning weight (205-day weight, 205W) and 18 ... more

D. Plasse; O. Verde; J. Arango; L. Camaripano; H. Fossi; R. Romero; C.Rodriguez M.; J.L. Rumbos
Beef cattle; Genetic and phenotypic correlation; Heritability; Maternal effect; Suizo cattle; Weight gain

The objective of this study was to estimate genetic parameters for pre-weaning traits of Braunvieh cattle raised under tropical conditions in Brazil. The weight and weight gain parameters were birth weight (BW, N = 9955), weight at 120 days of age (W120, N = 5901), weaning weight at 205 days (WW, N = 6970), weight gain from birth to 205 days (GAIN205, N = 6013), weight gain from birth to 120 ... more

D.C. Cucco; J.B.S. Ferraz; L.F.B. Pinto; J.P. Eler; J.C.C. Balieiro; E.C. Mattos
Beef cattle; Breeding efficiency; Longevity; Selection

The objective of the present study was to estimate (co)variance components for length of productive life (LPL) and some alternative reproductive traits of 6-year-old Nellore cattle. The data set contained 57,410 records for age at first calving from Nellore females and was edited to remove animal records with uncertain paternity and cows with just one piece of calving information. Only animals ... more

J.C.C. Balieiro; J.P. Eler; J.B.S. Ferraz; E.C. Mattos; C.C. Balieiro