Research Article

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The land arthropod secretory system is formed by structures called Malpighian tubules. These tubules are extremely important in insects because they maintain osmoregulation. They are located in the body cavity and are either free or inserted in the rectum wall, forming an arrangement known as the cryptonephridial system. The Malpighian tubules may have morphologically different regions, ... more

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The evolution of the metazoa has been characterized by gene redundancy, generated by polyploidy, tandem duplication and retrotransposition. Polyploidy can be detected by looking for duplicated chromosomes or segments of orthologous chromosomes in post-polyploid animals. It has been proposed that the evolutionary role of polyploidy is to provide extra-copies of genes, whose subsequent ... more

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Apomixis; Interspecific crosses; Polyploidy

A new species was synthesized artificially by chromosome doubling in a hybrid. The ensuing polyploid type exhibits an apomictic nature and maintains its morphological characteristics in the progeny. It showed a frequency of multiembryonic sacs of 29% in the ovules examined, whereas sacs were absent in the diploid type.

*In honor of deceased Professor Vieira who dedicated a part ... more

N.M.A. Nassar
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To investigate genome size evolution, it is usually informative to compare closely related species that vary dramatically in genome size. A whole genome duplication (polyploidy) that occurred in rice (Oryza sativa) about 70 million years ago has been well documented based on current genome sequencing. The presence of three distinct duplicate blocks from the polyploidy, of ... more

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Somatic chromosome numbers were determined for 20 new germplasm accessions of Paspalum, belonging to 17 species collected in Brazil. Chromosome number is reported for the first time for P. reduncum (2n = 18), P. cinerascens (2n = 20), P. cordatum (2n = 20), P. filgueirasii (2n = 24), P. ammodes (2n = 36), P. bicilium (2n = 40), ... more

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Chromosome number; Flow cytometry; Myrtle; Polyploidy

Myrtle is an evergreen shrub or small tree widespread throughout the Mediterranean region. In Turkey, both cultivated and wild forms, differing in plant and fruit size and fruit composition, can be found. These differences may have resulted from the domestication of the cultivated form over a long period of time. We investigated whether wild and cultivated forms of myrtle differ in ... more

S. Serçe; E. Ekbiç; J. Suda; K. Gündüz; Y. Kiyga
Asteraceae; Chromomycin A3 banding; Karyotype evolution; Polyploidy

Hypochaeris is an excellent system for studying different modes of chromosome evolution in plants. We carried out a cytogenetic analysis on populations of 2 Hypochaeris species, comprising 10 populations of H. catharinensis and 5 of H. lutea, to assess possible changes on chromosome organization in this interesting genus. Conventional Feulgen staining ... more

F.G. Fiorin; P.M. Ruas; M.A. Ortiz; E. Urtubey; N.I. Matzenbacher; C.F. Ruas