Research Article

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Sequence polymorphisms in the growth hormone (GH) gene and its transcriptional regulators, Pit-1 and Prop-1, were evaluated for associations with growth and carcass traits in two populations of Brangus bulls Chihuahuan Desert Rangeland Research Center (CDRRC, N = 248 from 14 sires) and a cooperating breeding program (COOP, N = 186 from 34 sires). Polymorphisms were SNP mutations in intron 4 (C ... more

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The Guzerat cattle breed, in past centuries, was utilized in Brazil mainly for work and transport in the coffee industry because of its rusticity; however, in recent decades it has become important for milk and meat production. Cattle traits such as rib-eye area, backfat thickness, and intramuscular fat percentage have been continuously evaluated in breeding ... more

D.E. Cancino-Baier; G.C. Mamani; B.F. Santana; E.C. Mattos; J.P. Eler; R.D. Sainz; T. Tonetto; V. Tonetto; F. Tonetto; J.A. Quiñones; N.G. Sepúlveda; J.B.S. Ferraz
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meat quality; Pig; RH mapping

The suppressive subtractive hybridization technique was previously used by the authors to identify candidate genes for meat quality in pig. A set of ESTs homologous (>95%) to genes involved in muscle metabolism is reported in the present paper. Four ESTs homologous to MYH1, KALRN, MLC2V, and SNX13 genes plus two genes (AK1, PPIA) used as housekeeping for muscle tissue were assigned to ... more

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G.B. Mourão; L.G. Gaya; J.B.S. Ferraz; E.C. Mattos; A.M.M.A. Costa; M. Filho; O.C.Cunha Neto; A.M. Felício; J.P. Eler
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Qualitative trait loci (QTL) for growth and meat quality traits in cattle (Bos taurus) have been previously mapped to three chromosome regions, 0 to 30, 55 to 70, and 70 to 80 cM on chromosome 5. We evaluated the allele frequencies and gene-specific single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of bovine myogenic factor 5 (MyF-5) in the QTL regions and their associations with live ... more

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The myogenic determination 1 (MyoD1) gene is a member of the MyoD gene family. It encodes for skeletal muscle-specific transcription factors containing highly conserved basic helix-loop-helix regions that perform important roles in the initiation, maintenance, and regulation of phenotypic traits. We investigated a new single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) in the MyoD1 gene to evaluate ... more

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Adipocyte fatty acid-binding protein; Gene expression; Longissimus dorsi; meat quality; Pigs; Polymorphism

Recent attention in pig breeding programs has focused on the improvement of pork quality in response to increasing consumer demands. Compared to the fatty-type Northeastern Indigenous (Chinese) breed of pigs, the lean-type Large White has lower intramuscular fat and inferior eating quality from the perspective of the Chinese consumer. In order to investigate the molecular basis of ... more

Y. Gao; Y.H. Zhang; H. Jiang; S.Q. Xiao; S. Wang; Q. Ma; G.J. Sun; F.J. Li; Q. Deng; L.S. Dai; Z.H. Zhao; X.S. Cui; S.M. Zhang; D.F. Liu; J.B. Zhang
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Bos primigenius indicus; Calpain; Calpastatin; meat quality; TFAM

We examined whether single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the calpain (CAPN) and calpastatin (CAST) genes, described from Bos primigenius taurus, are polymorphic in Nellore cattle. We also looked for a possible association of linkage disequilibrium of this polymorphism with tenderness of the longissimus dorsi muscle after 7, 14 and 21 days of postmortem aging in 638 purebred ... more

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Apolipoprotein A5 (APOA5) and C3 (APOC3) genes are involved in the PPAR lipid metabolism pathway and thus associated with elevated triglyceride levels. However, whether APOA5 and APOC3 genetic polymorphisms affect intramuscular fat deposition and other meat quality traits remains unknown in pigs. One hundred and seventy-one Kele pigs were sampled to ... more

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