Research Article

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06/15/2010
AGER; Genetic polymorphisms; Gestational diabetes; RAGE; Single nucleotide polymorphisms

The receptor for advanced glycation end products (RAGE or AGER) is a multiligand member of the immunoglobulin superfamily. RAGE is expressed in several tissues, including human myometrium, chorionic villi and placenta. Advanced glycation end products are the best studied ligands of RAGE; they have pro-inflammatory actions in human gestational tissues, ... more

I.C.R. Santos; D.R. Daga; H.R. Frigeri; R.R. Réa; A.C.R. Almeida; E.M. Souza; F.O. Pedrosa; C.M.T. Fadel-Picheth; G. Picheth
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GCK; Genetic susceptibility; Gestational diabetes; Glucokinase; mutations; SNPs

Glucokinase (GCK) plays a key role in glucose homeostasis. Gestational diabetes mellitus increases the risk of gestational complications in pregnant women and fetuses. We screened for mutations in coding and flanking regions of the GCK gene in pregnant women with or without gestational diabetes in a Brazilian population. A sample of 200 pregnant women classified as healthy ( ... more

H.R. Frigeri; I.C.R. Santos; R.R. Réa; A.C.R. Almeida; C.M.T. Fadel-Picheth; F.O. Pedrosa; E.M. Souza; F.G.M. Rego; G. Picheth
09/18/2002
Brazil; Glutathione S-transferase; Polymorphism

The glutathione S-transferase (GST) family of enzymes has a vital role in phase II of biotransformation of environmental carcinogens, pollutants, drugs and other xenobiotics. GSTs are polymorphic, with the type and frequency of polymorphism being ethnic dependent. Polymorphisms in GST genes have been shown to be associated with susceptibility to disease and disease outcome. We ... more

A. Rossini; D.C.M. Rapozo; L.M.F. Amorim; J.M.B. Macedo; R. Medina; J.F.N. Neto; C.V.M. Gallo; L.F.R. Pinto
03/28/2007
Dog breeds; Growth; Polymorphism; SNP; SOCS2

Suppressor of cytokine signaling 2 (SOCS2) is a negative regulator of growth hormone signaling. The deletion of SOCS2 in mice results in a 30-50% increase in post-natal growth. In an effort to identify polymorphisms in the SOCS2 gene that may be associated with body size in dogs, we characterized the canine SOCS2 gene and analyzed its genetic diversity among small and large dog breeds ... more

G. Rincón; A.E. Young; D.L. Bannasch; J.F. Medrano
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Alu; CEPH panel; Human population genetics; Polymorphism; X chromosome

We describe a novel polymorphic Alu insertion (DXS225) on the human X chromosome (Xq21.3) embedded into an L1 retrotransposon. The DXS225 polymorphism was genotyped in 684 males from the CEPH Human Genome Diversity Panel. This insertion was found in all regions of the globe, suggesting that it took place before modern humans spread from Africa ca. 100,000 ... more

R.Wellerson Pereira; S.Silva dos Santos; S.Danilo Jun Pena
01/05/2009
meningiomas; metastases; Methylation; Polymorphism; schwannomas; TP53

The p53 tumor suppressor gene is the most frequently mutated gene in human cancer; this gene is mutated in up to 50% of human tumors. It has a critical role in the cell cycle, apoptosis and cell senescence, and it participates in many crucial physiological and pathological processes. Polymorphisms of p53 have been suggested to be associated with genetically determined susceptibility in various ... more

L.O. Almeida; A.C. Custódio; G.R. Pinto; M.J. Santos; J.R.W. Almeida; C.A. Clara; J.A. Rey; C. Casartelli
02/17/2009
Bombyx mori multiple nucleopolyhedrovirus; Molecular markers; Polymorphism; Random amplified polymorphic DNA; Silkworm

The silkworm Bombyx mori L. is particularly susceptible to virus diseases, especially B. mori nucleopolyhedrovirus (BmNPV). Disease resistance, along with high productivity, are important selection criteria for developing commercial hybrids of B. mori. We used bioassays and molecular markers linked to susceptibility/resistance to baculovirus infection to analyze the ... more

L.F.C. Ribeiro; D.B. Zanatta; J.P. Bravo; R.M.C. Brancalhão; M.A. Fernandez
01/13/2009
Polymorphism; Random amplified polymorphic DNA markers; Table grapes; Vitis vinifera

Random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) markers were used to detect polymorphism and to examine relationships among four table grape clones from northwestern Paraná, in southern Brazil. The 10 primers used for RAPD fingerprints generated 126 reproducible fragments, of which 63, 68, 76, and 72 were polymorphic in cultivars Italia, Rubi, Benitaka, and Brasil, respectively. Among the primers, OPP ... more

S.H.Z. Maia; C.A. Mangolin; S.A.O. Collet; M.F.P.S. Machado
02/25/2009
Mitochondrial DNA; Polymorphism; Sea turtles; Single strand conformation polymorphism

Marine turtles are increasingly being threatened worldwide by anthropogenic activities. Better understanding of their life cycle, behavior and population structure is imperative for the design of adequate conservation strategies. The mtDNA control region is a fast-evolving matrilineal marker that has been employed in the study of marine turtle populations. We developed and tested a simple ... more

E.C. Reis; R.M. Albano; A.C.V. Bondioli; L.S. Soares; G. Lôbo-Hajdu; G. Lôbo-Hajdu
10/28/2008
C1236T; MDR1; Polymorphism; Turkish population

Human P-glycoprotein (P-gp) is encoded by the MDR1 gene, which is located on chromosomal region 7q21 and consists of 28 exons. To date, over 50 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) have been reported for the MDR1 gene. The effect of these polymorphisms on P-gp function or their clinical impact is in most cases unknown, but some of the SNPs are known to be of functional ... more

G. Gümüş-Akay; A.R. üstemoğlu; A. Karadağ; A. Sunguroĝlu; A. Sunguroĝlu

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