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Osteosarcoma (OS) causes millions of death worldwide and, since there is no effective therapy, it is necessary to identify the molecular mechanism of OS, which can direct the development of new therapies. This study investigated the role of bone morphogenetic protein 9 (BMP9), a member of the transforming growth factor (TGF)-β family, in OS development. This study first examined BMP9 ... more

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MicroRNAs (miRNAs) play important roles in the development and biochemical functions of skeletal muscles. However, targeting of miRNAs to structural genes involved in Z-discs have not been investigated. Here, we describe a highly expressed miRNA, miR-432, in pig embryonic skeletal muscle, which appeared to target myozenin1 (MYOZ1), a protein involved in the muscular sarcomere microstructure. ... more

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Adipose tissue; Animals; Cell differentiation; Cell proliferation; Estradiol; Female; Pregnancy; Progesterone; Rats; Stem cells

Stem cell therapy faces many problems including poor survival rates and low viability. Enhancing the biological functions of stem cells improves efficacy of therapies. Estrogen, whose levels are elevated during pregnancy, affects the properties of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells. Evidence suggests that adipose-derived stem cells (ADSCs), which are a type of adult mesenchymal stem cells, can ... more

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The aim of this study was to examine the efficiency of polyethylenimine-mediated transfection of the human bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2) gene into rabbit adipose-derived stem cells (ADSCs), and its effect on osteoblast differentiation. Adipose tissue was isolated from the necks of adult Japanese white rabbits and cultured in vitro to obtain ADSCs. Gene delivery of BMP-2 was mediated by ... more

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Kruppel-like factors (KLFs) are a group of transcriptional regulators that have recently been identified to exhibit tumor-suppressive function against various gastrointestinal cancers. The present study aims to investigate the expression patterns and prognostic value of KLF-4 in colorectal cancers (CRCs). KLF-4 levels in CRC tissues were examined via immunohistochemistry analysis, real-time ... more

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The aim of this study was to investigate the mechanisms of erythropoietin (EPO)-transfected umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells (UC-MSCs) in the treatment of rats with ischemic limb and provide a theoretical basis for optimization of UC-MSC transplantation. Sixty SD rats were randomly divided into four groups: ischemia control group, EPO treatment group, UC-MSCs treatment group, EPO ... more

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Cytotherapy; Gene therapy; Hepatocyte growth factor; Mesenchymal stem cells; Pulmonary silicosis

Pulmonary silicosis is an irreversible and untreatable disease that is characterized by interstitial lesions and perpetual fibrosis in the lungs. This study was performed to determine whether mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) and hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) could exhibit therapeutic effects on human silicosis. This non-randomized uncontrolled trial comprised four patients with pulmonary ... more

W.W. Liu; H.X. Wang; W. Yu; X.Y. Bi; J.Y. Chen; L.Z. Chen; L. Ding; D.M. Han; Z.K. Guo; Y.X. Lei
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Long non-coding RNA; Mesenchymal stem cells; Osteogenic differentiation

The aim of this study was to identify long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) associated with osteogenic differentiation from mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) using high-throughput RNA sequencing (RNA-Seq) data. RNA-Seq dataset was obtained from the European Bioinformatics Institute (accession No. PRJEB4496), including two replicates each for immortalized mesenchymal stem cells iMSC#3 cultured in ... more

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Past studies have revealed the critical role of runt-related transcription factor 2 (RUNX2) in the proliferation and differentiation of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs). This study therefore aimed to investigate the expression profile of the RUNX2 gene in human bone marrow MSCs and its biological characteristics. Bone marrow MSCs were separated from 12 patients who had received hip ... more

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